Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lonicera alpigena

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematus doebelii
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia aurulenta
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha falcella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaePhrealcia eximiella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha dentella
leafvagrantYpsolophidaeYpsolopha nemorella
leafgallspring generationAphididaeProciphilus xylostei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus periclymeni
leafgallspring generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi
stemvagrantAphididaeTrichosiphonaphis corticis
leafgallspring generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus lonicerae
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia lonicerearum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe lonicerae var. lonicerae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe magnusii
leafgallspring generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus poae
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus xylostei
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza fallax
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza hendeliana
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia alpigenae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia aprilina
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia lonicerae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nervi
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia periclymeni
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerElachistidaePerittia herrichiella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter emberizaepenella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter trifasciella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia festucae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 23.iv.2020