Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lonicera caprifolium

perfoliate honeysuckle

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Euphydryas aurinia
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus aurifer
stem borer Cerambycidae Oberea pupillata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylocampa areola
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctornis l-nigrum
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alsophila aescularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Colotois pennaria
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa jota
leaf leaf spot Venturiales Lasiobotrys lonicerae
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Limenitis reducta
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Hemaris fuciformis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo vespa
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Abia mutica
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha falcella
leaf vagrant Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha nemorella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Athrips mouffetella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Eucosmomorpha albersana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia paleana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura diversana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis rurinana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes lonicerae
stem vagrant Aphididae Trichosiphonaphis corticis
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rhopalomyzus lonicerae
flower gall Alucitidae Alucita hexadactyla
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe lonicerae var. lonicerae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Hyadaphis passerinii
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis lonicerae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus xylostei
leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza hendeliana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia aprilina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia lonicerae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia periclymeni
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifasciella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lonicerarum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia festucae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Hyadaphis foeniculi
leaf gall Aphididae Hyadaphis tataricae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.v.2023