Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lonicera caprifolium

perfoliate honeysuckle

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas aurinia
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus aurifer
stemborerCerambycidaeOberea pupillata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXylocampa areola
leafvagrantErebidaeArctornis l-nigrum
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlsophila aescularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeColotois pennaria
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa jota
leafleaf spotVenturialesLasiobotrys lonicerae
leafvagrantNymphalidaeLimenitis reducta
leafvagrantSphingidaeHemaris fuciformis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo vespa
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia mutica
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha falcella
leafvagrantYpsolophidaeYpsolopha nemorella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAthrips mouffetella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEucosmomorpha albersana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rurinana
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes lonicerae
stemvagrantAphididaeTrichosiphonaphis corticis
leafgallspring generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus lonicerae
flowergallAlucitidaeAlucita hexadactyla
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe lonicerae var. lonicerae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeHyadaphis passerinii
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis lonicerae
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus xylostei
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza hendeliana
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia aprilina
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia lonicerae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia periclymeni
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter trifasciella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella lonicerarum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia festucae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi
leafgallAphididaeHyadaphis tataricae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 11.iv.2022