Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lonicera nigra

synonym: Lonicera carpatica

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha falcella
leafvagrantYpsolophidaeYpsolopha nemorella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus wunni
leafscaleAleyrodidaePealius quercus
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon soffneri
stemvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum oredonense
fruitgalldoubtfulTephritidaeMyoleja lucida
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia lonicerearum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe lonicerae var. lonicerae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe magnusii
leafgallAphididaeHyadaphis bicincta
leafgallspring generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus lonicerae
leafgallspring generationdoubtfulAphididaeRhopalomyzus poae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeSemiaphis sphondylii
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura periclymeni
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis lonicerae
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus xylostei
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza hendeliana
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia alpigenae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia aprilina
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia lonicerae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter emberizaepenella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter trifasciella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella lonicerarum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia festucae
stemgallTenthredinidaeHoplocampoides xylostei

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 19.ii.2020