Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lonicera xylosteum

fly honeysuckle

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca apicalis
inquilineTephritidaeChetostoma curvinerve
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuurs wahlbergi
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius thorwaldi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura lonicerae
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia fasciata
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia mutica
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha falcella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha dentella
leafvagrantYpsolophidaeYpsolopha nemorella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAthrips mouffetella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEucosmomorpha albersana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rurinana
flowergallCecidomyiidaePlacochela nigripes
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus wunni
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaePealius quercus
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon soffneri
stemvagrantAphididaeTrichosiphonaphis alpestris
fruitgallTephritidaeMyoleja lucida
fruitgallTephritidaeRhagoletis cerasi
flowergallAlucitidaeAlucita hexadactyla
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia lonicerearum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe lonicerae var. lonicerae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe magnusii
leafleaf spotHelotialesCristulariella depraedans
leafleaf spotPlatygloealesInsolibasidium deformans
leafgallAphididaeHyadaphis tataricae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeProciphilus xylostei
leafgallspring generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus lonicerae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura excavans
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura xylostei
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis lonicerae
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus xylostei
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza cornigera
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza hendeliana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza luteoscutellata
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia alpigenae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia aprilina
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia lonicerae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia periclymeni
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerCurculionidaeRhynchaenus xylostei
leafminerElachistidaePerittia herrichiella
leafminerElachistidaePerittia obscurepunctella
leafminerElachistidaePerittia weberella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter emberizaepenella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter trifasciella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella lonicerarum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia festucae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCallyntrotus lonicerae
stemgallAlucitidaePterotopteryx dodecadactyla
stemgallTenthredinidaeHoplocampoides xylostei
stemvagrantAphididaeTrichosiphonaphis corticis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.i.2021