Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Cephalaria

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown vagrant Thripidae Thrips vuilleti
predator Phlaeothripidae Xylaplothrips fuliginosus
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Cephalaromyia capituli
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium scabiosae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria scabiosicola
flower borer Adelidae Nemophora cupriacella
flower vagrant Noctuidae Schinia purpurascens
unknown unknown Noctuidae Epimecia ustula
leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia cephalariae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria amicabilis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cephalariae-alpinae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia silvestris
flower vagrant Noctuidae Omphalophana antirrhinii
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthiola leucaspis
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia frivaldszkyi
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia ozdikmeni
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia osmanlis
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Euphydryas aurinia
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Euphydryas desfontainii
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Hemaris croatica
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Hemaris dentata
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys troglodytes
root vagrant doubtful Chrysomelidae Longitarsus allotrophus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus strigicollis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galeruca circassica
unknown unknown Tortricidae Phtheochroa purana
flower gall Tortricidae Diceratura roseofasciana leucanthana
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria squalida
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe knautiae
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera dipsacacearum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora cephalariae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora cephalariae-laevigatae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cephalariae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium succisae
stem vagrant summer generation Aphididae Macrosiphum rosae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 23.xi.2023