Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Scabiosa

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus strigicollis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGaleruca pomonae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo atra
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia sericea
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia nitens
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus henryi
rootscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus tergrigorianae
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
flowerborerPterophoridaeStenoptilia aridus
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf budborerUnknown code!doubtfulPterophoridaeGillmeria miantodactylus
leafminerdoubtfulGracillariidaePhyllonorycter cephalariae
leafminerGelechiidaeEpidola barcinonella
leafhiddendoubtfulDepressariidaeAgonopterix kaekeritziana
flowerborerPyralidaeEurhodope cirrigerella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledone gerningana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafminersummer generationTortricidaeRhopobota stagnana
flowerborerspring generationTortricidaeRhopobota stagnana
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEndothenia oblongana
rootborerTortricidaeAgapeta zoegana
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
rootborerTortricidaeAethes hartmanniana
unknownunknownPterophoridaeStenoptilia parnasia
unknownunknownPterophoridaeStenoptilia plagiodactylus
flowerborerPterophoridaeStenoptilia annadactyla
flowerborerPterophoridaeStenoptilia elkefi
flowerborerPterophoridaeStenoptilia bipunctidactyla
flowerboreryounger larvaAdelidaeNemophora metallica
flowerborerAdelidaeNemophora cupriacella
flowerborerAdelidaeNemophora minimella
flowerborerAlucitidaeAlucita huebneri
fruitvagrantdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora frischella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
flowerdownPeronosporalesPeronospora violacea
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia scabiosae
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum intermedium
flowervagrantspring generationAphididaeAphis confusa
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella scabiosae
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria squalida
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe knautiae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera dipsacacearum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora knautiae
leafgallAphelenchoididaeAphelenchoides fragariae
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza munda
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza similis
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia ramosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia scabiosae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia scabiosarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia scabiosella
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia succisae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerdoubtfulBuprestidaeTrachys subglaber
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys troglodytes
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter scabiosella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminerScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis confusa
stemgallAlucitidaeAlucita grammodactyla
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collargallActinomycetalesRhodococcus fascians
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus chamaedrys
rootvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis psammophila
stemvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMacrosiphum rosae
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis thomasi
stemvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum weberi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 20.vi.2020