Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Succisa pratensis

devil’s-bit scabious

synonym: Scabiosa succisa; Succisa praemorsa

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria succisicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria scabiosicola
leaf down Venturiaceae Fusicladium consors
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia succisae
flower vagrant Tortricidae Endothenia marginana
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hypoxystis pluviaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Euphydryas aurinia
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Hemaris tityus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo atra
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Abia nitens
leaf vagrant Cimbicidae Abia candens
flower borer Pterophoridae Stenoptilia aridus
flower borer Tortricidae Cochylis flaviciliana
root borer Tortricidae Aethes hartmanniana
root borer Tortricidae Aethes piercei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus succisae
flower borer Pterophoridae Stenoptilia succisae
flower borer Adelidae Nemophora cupriacella
flower borer Adelidae Nemophora minimella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
flower down Peronosporales Peronospora violacea
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia dipsacearum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum flosculorum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum succisae
flower vagrant spring generation Aphididae Aphis confusa
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe knautiae
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza munda
leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza similis
leaf miner main Agromyzidae Chromatomyia succisae
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys subglaber
leaf miner main Buprestidae Trachys troglodytes
leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris picaepennis
leaf miner Tortricidae Rhopobota stagnana
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium succisae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium succisae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis confusa
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
stem vagrant main Aphididae Macrosiphum weberi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 25.xi.2022