Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cornus sanguinea


synonym: Swida, Thelycrania, sanguinea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia dentaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOdontopera bidentata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOurapteryx sambucaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAngerona prunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeBiston betularia
leafvagrantErebidaeSpilosoma lutea
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAsthena anseraria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAcasis viretata
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia exiguata
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantGeometridaeHemithea aestivaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantAcanaloniidaeAcanalonia conica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEdwardsiana diversa
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips austriacus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeAltica cornivorax
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeBatophila fallax
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAllantus melanarius
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAncylis unculana
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus aceris
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDasystoma salicella
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia reliquana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia decorella
fruitborerdoubtfulTortricidaePammene rhediella
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis corylana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris umbrana
fruitborerTortricidaeLobesia botrana
fruitborerTortricidaeEupoecilia ambiguella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella cornifoliae
leafvagrantDiptilomiopidaeDiptacus corni
stemborerlarvadoubtfulRhynchitidaeNeocoenorrhinus germanicus
stemvagrantCoccidaePulvinaria regalis
leafminerHeliozelidaeAntispila petryi
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe tortilis
leafdownErysiphalesPhyllactinia corni
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSphaerulina cornicola
leafleaf spotHelotialesCristulariella depraedans
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAnoecia corni
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAnoecia vagans
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis salicariae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeCraneiobia corni
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes depressus
leafgallTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus spinosus
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza agromyzina
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora anatipenella
leafminermainHeliozelidaeAntispila metallella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria oehlmanniella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria pectinea
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes cornicolus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes platynotus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella glabratae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus acutilobus
stemgallRhizobialesAgrobacterium tumefaciens
stemgalldoubtfulSantalaceaeViscum album
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeAnoecia haupti
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeAnoecia major
leafvagrantspring generationrarelyAphididaeAnoecia furcata


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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