Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cornus sanguinea


synonym: Swida, Thelycrania, sanguinea

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus smreczynskii
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus rotundus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips sambuci
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra umbellatarum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus macropus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Poecilium rufipes
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidulus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Clytus arietis
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cornina
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus thelicraniae
stem kanker Sporocadaceae Seiridium venetum
stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta minima
stem Sporocadaceae Sporocadus cornicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia stolonifera
leaf vagrant Erebidae Hyphantria cunea
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia angustissima
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Halyomorpha halys
leaf vagrant Acanthosomatidae Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale
fruit vagrant Pyrrhocoridae Pyrrhocoris apterus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Graphiphora augur
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia triangulum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Eugraphe sigma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua janthe
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polia bombycina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polia nebulosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cosmia trapezina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra pyramidea
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctia caja
leaf vagrant Erebidae Rhyparia purpurata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Callimorpha dominula
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia antiqua
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis similis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis chrysorrhoea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Agriopis bajaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hypomecis punctinalis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lomographa bimaculata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Gnophos furvata
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa quercus
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Stauropus fagi
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selenia dentaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Odontopera bidentata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ourapteryx sambucaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Angerona prunaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Biston betularia
leaf vagrant Erebidae Spilosoma lutea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Erannis defoliaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Asthena anseraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Acasis viretata
flower vagrant Geometridae Chloroclystis v-ata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia exiguata
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hemithea aestivaria
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
leaf vagrant Acanaloniidae Acanalonia conica
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Orientus ishidae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana diversa
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips austriacus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica cornivorax
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Batophila fallax
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Allantus melanarius
leaf hidden rarely Tortricidae Ancylis unculana
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
leaf hidden Chimabachidae Dasystoma salicella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lobesia reliquana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Carpatolechia decorella
fruit borer doubtful Tortricidae Pammene rhediella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips rosana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis corylana
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris umbrana
fruit borer Tortricidae Lobesia botrana
fruit borer Tortricidae Eupoecilia ambiguella
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella cornifoliae
leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Diptacus corni
stem borer larva doubtful Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus germanicus
stem vagrant Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
leaf miner Heliozelidae Antispila petryi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe tortilis
leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia corni
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Sphaerulina cornicola
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Cristulariella depraedans
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Anoecia corni
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Anoecia vagans
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis salicariae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Craneiobia corni
leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes depressus
leaf gall Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus spinosus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza agromyzina
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella
leaf miner main Heliozelidae Antispila metallella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella
leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Anthocoptes cornicolus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Anthocoptes platynotus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella glabratae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus acutilobus
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
stem gall doubtful Santalaceae Viscum album
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Anoecia haupti
leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Anoecia major
leaf vagrant spring generation rarely Aphididae Anoecia furcata


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 5.ii.2024