Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Arbutus unedo

strawberry tree

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantPentatomidaeRhaphigaster nebulosa
leafvagrantCicadellidaePlacotettix taeniatifrons
leafvagrantCoreidaeGonocerus insidiator
leafvagrantdoubtfulCoreidaePlinachtus imitator
leafhiddendoubtfulCrambidaePalpita vitrealis
leafvagrantLimacodidaeHoyosia codeti
scaleDiaspididaeMelanaspis inopinata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia cerasi
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis chrysorrhoea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia miniosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmmopolia witzenmanni
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria dispar
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMalacosoma neustria
leafvagrantErebidaeOrgyia antiqua
leafvagrantGeometridaeMenophra abruptaria
leafvagrantErebidaeOrgyia trigotephras
leafvagrantErebidaeOcneria rubea
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis chrysorrhoea
flowerborerGeometridaeEupithecia unedonata
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora puppillaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys avis
leafvagrantNymphalidaeCharaxes jasius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSynophropsis lauri
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips arbuti
leafvagrantThripidaeDrepanothrips reuteri
leafvagrantThripidaeScirtothrips inermis
leafhiddenPeleopodidaeCarcina quercana
unknownunknownTortricidaeArgyroploce unedana
stemborerTortricidaePammene purpureana
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus bavaricus
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeCenopalpus arbuti
leafscaleAleyrodidaeDialeurodes setiger
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes lauri
leafscalemainAleyrodidaeAleurotuba jelinekii
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurotrachelus rhamnicola
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis arbuti
stemwitches’ broomExobasidialesExobasidium unedonis
leafvagrantAphididaeWahlgreniella nervata arbuti


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 2.iv.2022