Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Arctostaphylos bearberry

(For a dichotomous table for galls on Arctostaphylos by Hans Roskam click here)

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a fleck mine: Coleophora arctostaphyli

1bcorridor and/or blotch => 2

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a mine small, with fine frass grains; older larve live free among spun leaves: Argyroploce arbutella

2b mine much larger; larva mines all its life => 3

3a either a corridor that disappears in the petiole, or a blotch that originates there: Etainia albibimaculella

3b no association with the petiole: Epinotia nemorivaga

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified