Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Empetrum

Empetrum crowberry

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a Mine not described; larva with thoracic feet and well recognisable, chitinised head: Paraswammerdamia conspersella

1b galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 3.ii.2018