Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Erica arborea

tree heather

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia jordani
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeLycophotia erythrina
flowervagrantNoctuidaeAgrochola haematidea
leafvagrantGeometridaeEmaturga atomaria
unknownvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia ericeata
leafvagrantGeometridaeHypomecis punctinalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeCyclophora maderensis
leafvagrantGeometridaeXenochlorodes nubigena
leafvagrantGeometridaePachycnemia hippocastanaria
rootborerUnknown code!doubtfulBuprestidaeAgrilus elegans
rootborerBuprestidaePerotis unicolor
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum mandibulare
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips neolongiceps
leafvagrantdoubtfulPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips pragensis
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeAltica ericeti
unknownscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus ericae
stemgallEriococcidaeRhizococcus devoniensis
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura simonyi
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus thymi
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora pyrrhulipennella
flowerhiddenScythrididaeScythris ericivorella
leafvagrantGelechiidaeAristotelia ericinella
leafhiddenPyralidaeAcrobasis porphyrella
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus bavaricus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeCalluneyrodes callunae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTetralicia iberiaca
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes ericae
leafscalerarelyAleyrodidaeAleurolobus olivinus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTetralicia ericae
stemvagrantPsyllidaeStrophingia arborea
stemvagrantPsyllidaeStrophingia proxima
stemvagrantPsyllidaeStrophingia cinereae
stemvagrantPsyllidaeStrophingia fallax
stemvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis arbuti
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura vagans
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura ericaescopariae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura zimmermanni
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeMyricomyia mediterranea
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella ericina
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora pulchripennella
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
stemgallNanophyidaeCtenomeropsis nigra


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.ix.2021