Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Vaccinium myrtillus

bilberry

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeCixius similis
stemvagrantlarvaAphrophoridaeAphrophora corticea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAguriahana pictilis
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeMacrosteles variatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOphiola decumana
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeTachycixius pilosus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia praetiosa
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera corpulenta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura schlueteri
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea lipsiella
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiaris bipunctana
rootscalePseudococcidaePeliococcus calluneti
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus bavaricus
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus uvaeursi
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAncylis unculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis myrtillana
leafscaleCoccidaePhyllostroma myrtilli
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis sauciana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDasystoma salicella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeNeofaculta infernella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia mercuriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips betulana
leafhiddenPhiaris metallicana
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeProlita sexpunctella
leafhiddenTortricidaeGypsonoma nitidulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeRhopobota naevana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAthrips pruinosella
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis senecionana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora cincta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora mollis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis steineriana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora carinata
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCapua vulgana
leafhiddenTortricidaeOlindia schumacherana
leafhiddenTortricidaeParamesia gnomana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris lipsiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris maccana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris caledoniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris laterana
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria vetulella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus wunni
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafvagrantPsyllidaeCacopsylla myrtilli
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum vaccinii
systemicgallExobasidialesExobasidium myrtilli
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella vacciniorum
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera myrtillina var. myrtillina
leafleaf spotExobasidialesExobasidium arescens
leafleaf spotincertae sedisLeptosphaerulina myrtillina
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura myrtylli
leafgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeHygrodiplosis vaccinii
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora murinella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora vacciniella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria masculella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria oehlmanniella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella myrtillella
leafminerTortricidaeRhopobota myrtillana
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesNaohidemyces vacciniorum
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes vaccinii
stemgallExobasidialesExobasidium aequale
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis vaccinii
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum rufum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 7.ii.2021