Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Vaccinium myrtillus

bilberry

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorEulophidaeEuplectrus geometricida
leafvagrantMiridaeGlobiceps fulvicollis
leafpredatorMiridaeGlobiceps flavomaculatus
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus biclavatus
leafvagrantAcanthosomatidaeElasmucha ferrugata
leafvagrantMiridaeHeterotoma merioptera
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus carinatopunctatus
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus subdentarus
leafvagrantNoctuidaePolia nebulosa
flowervagrantrarelyNoctuidaeSideridis reticulata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEugnorisma depuncta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEurois occulta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia speciosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia ditrapezium
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeXestia gelida
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeXestia atrata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia triangulum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia baja
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia castanea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia collina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEugraphe sigma
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCoenophila subrosea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCerastis leucographa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia borealis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeProtolampra sobrina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMelanchra persicariae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCeramica pisi
leafvagrantNoctuidaePapestra biren
leafvagrantNoctuidaePolia bombycina
leafvagrantNoctuidaePolia hepatica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia incerta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia gothica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia cerasi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiarsia mendica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiarsia dahlii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiarsia brunnea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiarsia rubi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia thalassina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia contigua
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia stigmatica
leafvagrantNoctuidaePhlogophora meticulosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHyppa rectilinea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCosmia trapezina
flowervagrantNoctuidaeTiliacea aurago
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAgrochola helvola
leafvagrantNoctuidaeConistra vaccinii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXylena solidaginis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSyngrapha interrogationis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra perflua
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta menyanthidis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta auricoma
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta euphorbiae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa pulchrina
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMacrothylacia rubi
leafvagrantErebidaeArctia caja
leafvagrantErebidaeHypena crassalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeAngerona prunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaePhigalia pilosaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis aurantiaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis marginaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeArichanna melanaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHypomecis punctinalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeEmaturga atomaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCharissa pullata
leafvagrantGeometridaeElophos dilucidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCharissa ambiguata
leafvagrantGeometridaeElophos vittaria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeEriogaster arbusculae
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeLasiocampa quercus
leafvagrantLasiocampidaePhyllodesma ilicifolia
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rogana
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeTrichiura crataegi
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavonia
leafvagrantErebidaeOrgyia recens
leafvagrantErebidaeOrgyia antiqua
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis similis
leafvagrantErebidaeLymantria monacha
leafvagrantGeometridaeJodis lactearia
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis elinguaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeMacaria brunneata
leafvagrantGeometridaePlagodis pulveraria
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia dentaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia lunularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeOdontopera bidentata
leafvagrantGeometridaeHydriomena furcata
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeSpargania luctuata
leafvagrantGeometridaeRheumaptera subhastata
leafvagrantGeometridaeCleora cinctaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHydria undulata
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeEpirrita dilutata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEpirrita autumnata
leafvagrantGeometridaeDeileptenia ribeata
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis repandata
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis bastelbergeri
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera brumata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera fagata
flowervagrantGeometridaeMesotype didymata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia vulgata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia subfuscata
leafvagrantGeometridaeXanthorhoe incursata
flowervagrantGeometridaePasiphila debiliata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEntephria caesiata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEulithis testata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEulithis populata
leafvagrantGeometridaeChloroclysta miata
leafvagrantGeometridaeDysstroma citrata
leafvagrantGeometridaeDysstroma truncata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula ternata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula floslactata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas maturna
leafvagrantGeometridaeIdaea sylvestraria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantGeometridaeJodis putata
leafvagrantGeometridaeMacaria fusca
leafvagrantGeometridaeCepphis advenaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus optilete
leafvagrantZygaenidaeRhagades pruni
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeCixius similis
stemvagrantlarvaAphrophoridaeAphrophora corticea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAguriahana pictilis
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeMacrosteles variatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOphiola decumana
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeTachycixius pilosus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia praetiosa
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera corpulenta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura schlueteri
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea lipsiella
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiaris bipunctana
rootscalePseudococcidaePeliococcus calluneti
stemscaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus bavaricus
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus uvaeursi
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeAncylis unculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis myrtillana
leafscaleCoccidaePhyllostroma myrtilli
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis sauciana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDasystoma salicella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeNeofaculta infernella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia mercuriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips betulana
leafhiddenPhiaris metallicana
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeProlita sexpunctella
leafhiddenTortricidaeGypsonoma nitidulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeRhopobota naevana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAthrips pruinosella
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafhiddenTortricidaeEulia ministrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis senecionana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora cincta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora mollis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis steineriana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora carinata
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cerasana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCapua vulgana
leafhiddenTortricidaeOlindia schumacherana
leafhiddenTortricidaeParamesia gnomana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris lipsiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris maccana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris caledoniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris laterana
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria vetulella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus wunni
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafvagrantPsyllidaeCacopsylla myrtilli
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum vaccinii
systemicgallExobasidialesExobasidium myrtilli
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella vacciniorum
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera myrtillina var. myrtillina
leafleaf spotExobasidialesExobasidium arescens
leafleaf spotincertae sedisLeptosphaerulina myrtillina
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura myrtylli
leafgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeHygrodiplosis vaccinii
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora murinella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora vacciniella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria masculella
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria oehlmanniella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella myrtillella
leafminerTortricidaeRhopobota myrtillana
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesNaohidemyces vacciniorum
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes vaccinii
stemgallExobasidialesExobasidium aequale
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis vaccinii
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum rufum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 14.vii.2022