Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Vaccinium uliginosum

bog bilberry

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafhiddendoubtfulGelechiidaeChionodes viduella
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeCixius similis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOphiola cornicula
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura schlueteri
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus baldonensis
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus uvaeursi
leafhiddenTortricidaeAncylis myrtillana
leafhiddenTortricidaeApotomis sauciana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeStictea mygindiana
leafhiddenTortricidaePammene luedersiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips betulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeGypsonoma nitidulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeRhopobota naevana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAthrips pruinosella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora cincta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora mollis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis steineriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora coactula
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledone gerningana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris fimbriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris rufana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris maccana
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
leafvagrantPsyllidaeCacopsylla myrtilli
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera myrtillina var. major
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera myrtillina var. myrtillina
leafleaf spotExobasidialesExobasidium pachysporum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeHygrodiplosis vaccinii
leafgallExobasidialesExobasidium expansum
leafgallExobasidialesExobasidium vaccinii-uliginosi
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora glitzella
leafminermainColeophoridaeColeophora plumbella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora uliginosella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora vacciniella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella myrtillella
leafminermainTortricidaeRhopobota myrtillana
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesNaohidemyces vacciniorum
leafvagrantAphididaeEricaphis latifrons
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes oxycocci
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes vaccinii
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum nasonovi
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon knechteli
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon brachysiphon
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum vaccinii
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis vaccinii
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeSitobion paludum
leafvagrantmainAphididaeAulacorthum flavum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 17.ii.2021