Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Vaccinium vitis-idaea


synonym: Vaccinium punctatum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotSclerotiniaceaeValdensia heterodoxa
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeMycosphaerella stemmatea
predatorMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia uredinis
PentatomidaeRubiconia intermedia
leafvagrantNoctuidaePapestra biren
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLasionycta secedens
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHyppa rectilinea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXylena solidaginis
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavonia
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDiurnea fagella
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus optilete
leafvagrantTingidaeStephanitis oberti
leafvagrantCicadellidaeScleroracus orichalceus
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiaris metallicana
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus baldonensis
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiaris bipunctana
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus uvaeursi
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus cracens
leafscaleCoccidaePhyllostroma myrtilli
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
unknownunknowndoubtfulTortricidaeAterpia corticana
leafhiddenTortricidaeStictea mygindiana
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDasystoma salicella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeProlita sexpunctella
leafhiddenTortricidaeRhopobota naevana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips crataegana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris lipsiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris maccana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris caledoniana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris variegana
leafscalemainAleyrodidaeAleuroclava similis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeCaliroa annulipes
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
systemicgallExobasidialesExobasidium splendidum
systemicwitches’ broomExobasidialesExobasidium juelianum
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura vitisidaea
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera myrtillina var. major
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera myrtillina var. myrtillina
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura anglica
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura myrtylli
leafgalldoubtfulCecidomyiidaeHygrodiplosis vaccinii
leafgallExobasidialesExobasidium vaccinii
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora glitzella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora idaeella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora murinella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora vacciniella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora vitisella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter junoniella
leafminerNepticulidaeFomoria weaveri
leafminerrarelyNepticulidaeStigmella myrtillella
leafminerTortricidaeArgyroploce arbutella
leafminerTortricidaeRhopobota myrtillana
leafminerTortricidaeRhopobota ustomaculana
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesNaohidemyces vacciniorum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPucciniastrum goeppertianum
leafvagrantAphididaeWahlgreniella vaccinii
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes vitisidaeae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis vaccinii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 31.x.2022