Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Cyclamen sowbread

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a mine upper-surface; larva a maggot: Liriomyza cyclaminis

1b mine full depth; larva with feet and a sclerotised head => 2

1c galls, etc. => Tables for all parasites per species

2a mine tiny; older larvae free among spun leaves => 3

2b mine larger; larve mines till just before pupation: Cnephasia lineata

3a pinacula colourless (but the base of the setae is black): Cnephasia incertana

3b pinacula black: Cnephasia stephensiana

Not included in the key: Cnephasia ecullyana; Orthochaetes insignis & O. setiger.

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 2.ix.2019