Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Lysimachia

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root collar scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus paludinus
leaf leaf spot Sporocadaceae Discosia lysimachiae
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Exomias pellucidus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips albopilosus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chariaspilates formosaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cleora cinctaria
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta letendrei
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria bresadoleana
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria lysimachiae f. rhaphidospora
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria lysimachiae
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella lysimachiae
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris ticinensis
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Stictopleurus punctatonervosus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Otiorhynchus sulcatus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia splendens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia suasa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia gracilis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Spilosoma urticae
leaf vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Athetis lepigone
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta rumicis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta menyanthidis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Simyra albovenosa
flower vagrant Geometridae Mesotype didymata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia orphnata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Anticollix sparsata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subfuscata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subumbrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Chloroclystis v-ata
leaf vagrant Riodinidae Hamearis lucina
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius distinguendus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Athysanus quadrum
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips zurstrasseni
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips physapus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galerucella grisescens
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Lythraria salicariae
stem borer Noctuidae Hydraecia micacea
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Monostegia abdominalis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Monostegia nigra
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha lacunana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis spectrana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Syndemis musculana
leaf hidden rarely Tortricidae Pandemis heparana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cerasana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis dumetana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Sparganothis pilleriana
stem borer Tortricidae Phalonidia udana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Tapeinotus sellatus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae beccabungae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia lysimachiae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lysimachiae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria laticincta
leaf miner Gelechiidae Monochroa conspersella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Calybites phasianipennella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia limosae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Thecabius lysimachiae
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae frangulae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 22.i.2024