Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lysimachia vulgaris

yellow loosestrife

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips albopilosus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chariaspilates formosaria
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha lacunana
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria lysimachiae
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella lysimachiae
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Stictopleurus punctatonervosus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia suasa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia gracilis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Spilosoma urticae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Simyra albovenosa
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subfuscata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subumbrata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Anticollix sparsata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Athysanus quadrum
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips zurstrasseni
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips physapus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galerucella grisescens
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Lythraria salicariae
stem borer Noctuidae Hydraecia micacea
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Monostegia abdominalis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Monostegia nigra
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cerasana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis dumetana
stem borer Tortricidae Phalonidia udana
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Tapeinotus sellatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae beccabungae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia lysimachiae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lysimachiae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria laticincta
leaf miner Gelechiidae Monochroa conspersella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Calybites phasianipennella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia limosae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae frangulae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.xi.2023