Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cortusa

Cortusa alpine bells

Sometimes united with Primula.

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a mine full depth; the larva, with chitinised head, later lives free among spun leaves: Cnephasia asseclana

1b mine upper-surface, (weakly) greenish when held against the light; the larva, a maggot, mines all its life: Cheilosia laeviventris

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 2.ix.2019