Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Anchusa

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
unknownunknownCurculionidaeMogulonoides radula
unknownunknownCurculionidaeMogulones aubei
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeMogulones crucifer
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeMogulones trisignatus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeMogulones t-album
unknownunknownCurculionidaeMogulones bernhauseri
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus niger
flowerborerNitidulidaeBoragogethes punctatissimus
flowerborerNitidulidaeBoragogethes rosenhaueri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus dimidiatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus echii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus weisei
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus alfieri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus fuscoaeneus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus aeneus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus truncatellus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus nasturtii
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
root collarborerGelechiidaeEthmia aurifluella
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia artemisiana
leafhiddendoubtfulGelechiidaeEthmia bipunctella
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeShevtchenkella anchusae
rootborerlarvaChrysomelidaeLongitarsus anchusae
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeMogulones asperifoliarum
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeMogulones javetii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
root collarvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus bicolor
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
flowergallEriophyidaeAnthocoptes aspidophorus
flowergallTingidaeDictyla echii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe lycopsidis
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces cynoglossi complex
leafgallAphelenchoididaeAphelenchoides fragariae
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza abiens
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza myosotidis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora pennella
leafminerCrambidaeCynaeda dentalis
leafminerCrambidaeCynaeda gigantea
leafminerCrambidaeEpascestria pustulalis
leafminerGracillariidaeDialectica scalariella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia recondita
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia symphyti-bromorum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia aegilopis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
root collargallActinomycetalesRhodococcus fascians
root collargallCurculionidaePachycerus segnis
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus boraginacearum
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus mordvilkoi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 21.ix.2020