Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Echium plantagineum

purple viper’s-bugloss, Paterson’s curse, Salvation Jane

synonym: Echium violaceum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Chondrostega escobesae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora echii
leaf vagrant Tingidae Dictyla indigena
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Heterogaster urticae
root vagrant Cydnidae Sehirus morio
fruit vagrant Scutelleridae Psacasta tuberculata
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Aellopus atratus
root vagrant Cydnidae Canthophorus melanopterus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Codophila varia
root borer Sesiidae Tinthia tineiformis
flower gall Tingidae Dictyla echii
root borer Chrysomelidae Longitarsus echii
flower vagrant Tingidae Dictyla nassata
flower borer Cerambycidae Opsilia coerulescens
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Ethmia bipunctella
unknown unknown Curculionidae Mogulones pseudopollinarius
flower borer Nitidulidae Afrogethes planiusculus
flower borer Nitidulidae Afrogethes tristis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus dimidiatus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus aeneus
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Mogulones larvatus
root borer larva Curculionidae Mogulones geographicus
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces asperifolii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora echii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza abiens
leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Dialectica imperialella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Dialectica scalariella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium echii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia cerinthes-agropyrina
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.i.2023