Galium bedstraw

incl. Cruciata; there is a separate key for Asperula.

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a fleck mine; larva in a helicoid case: Apterona helicoidella

1b mine in connection with corridors in the cortex or the pith of the stem or a node => 2 *

1c upper-surface corridor, wholly in the leaf => 5

1d galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a several whorls on top of each other with mined leaves: Aulagromyza galii

2bno vertical connection between the whorls => 3

3a larva: rear spiraculum with 4-5 papillae: Ophiomyia galii

3b rear spiraculum with > 15 papillae => 4

4a larva: last segment, behind the rear spiracula, with an unusual, sac-like extension: Aulagromyza orphana

4b no such extension: Aulagromyza lucens

5a larva: rear spiraculum with 13-15 papillae: Galiomyza morio

5b rear spiraculum with 3 papillae: Galiomyza galiivora

* Some stem-boring Agromyzidae species, might occasionally be found starting or trespassing in a leaf.

mod 18.v.2019