Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Asperula

Asperula sweet woodruff

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a mine very irregular in shape, full depth; larva with thoracic feet and distinct head; older larvae live free among spun leaves: Cnephasia incertana

1b galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 7.iii.2020