Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Galium mollugo

hedge bedstraw

synonym: Galium insubricum, tyrolense

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantSphingidaeMacroglossum stellatarum
leafvagrantSphingidaeDeilephila elpenor
leafvagrantSphingidaeHyles gallii
leafhiddenCrambidaeMecyna flavalis
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeCercopis sanguinolenta
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips vitalbae
flowerhiddenThripidaeThermothrips mohelensis
flowerhiddenAeolothripidaeMelanthrips pallidior
leafhiddenThripidaePlatythrips tunicatus
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips ferrugineus
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips silvarum
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips sordidus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips brevicornis
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips fuscipennis
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
flowerhiddenAeolothripidaeMelanthrips ficalbii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeSermylassa halensis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha tenebricosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha goettingensis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha nicaeensis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAglaostigma aucupariae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAglaostigma fulvipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeHalidamia affinis
stemborerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza anteposita
stemborerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza trivittata
stemminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza buhri
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
systemicgallAphididaeAphis galiiscabri
systemicgallAphididaeHydaphias molluginis
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria galiobia
flowergallCecidomyiidaeSchizomyia galiorum
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia acrocecis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia molluginis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura galiicola
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAculus anthobius
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces riedlianus
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galii
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora galii
leafleaf spotHelotialesLeptotrochila verrucosa
leafgallAphididaeStaegeriella necopinata
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyes galii
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza galii
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza velutina
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza lucens
leafminerAgromyzidaeGaliomyza galiivora
leafminerAgromyzidaeGaliomyza morio
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium molluginis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia punctata
leafpustuleaecia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia difformis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPucciniastrum guttatum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia galii-verni
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus umbonis
stemgallAphididaeMyzus langei
stemgallCecidomyiidaeGeocrypta galii
stemgallCecidomyiidaeGeocrypta rostriformis
stemgallUstilaginalesMelanotaenium endogenum
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia galii
rootgallCecidomyiidaeAmetrodiplosis auripes
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus cerasi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeDysaphis plantaginea
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis pyri
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis molluginis
leafvagrantAphididaeLinosiphon galiophagum
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
rootvagrantAphididaeHydaphias mosana
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 22.iv.2021