Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Galium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantSphingidaeDeilephila porcellus
leafvagrantSphingidaeMacroglossum stellatarum
leafvagrantSphingidaeSphingonaepiopsis gorgoniades
leafvagrantrarelySphingidaeHemaris tityus
leafvagrantSphingidaeRethera komarovi
leafvagrantSphingidaeDeilephila elpenor
leafvagrantSphingidaeHyles gallii
leafvagrantSphingidaeHippotion celerio
unknownunknowndoubtfulCrambidaeMecyna balcanica
leafhiddenCrambidaeMecyna flavalis
leafvagrantCrambidaePyrausta nigrata
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeChrysolina fimbrialis
leafvagrantCixiidaeHyalesthes obsoletus
leafvagrantAphrophoridaeLepyronia coleoptrata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia stellata
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeCercopis sanguinolenta
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips vitalbae
flowerhiddenThripidaeThermothrips mohelensis
leafvagrantThripidaeTmetothrips subapterus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips validus
leafhiddenThripidaeBelothrips acuminatus
flowerhiddenAeolothripidaeMelanthrips pallidior
leafhiddenThripidaePlatythrips tunicatus
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips ferrugineus
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips silvarum
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips sordidus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips brevicornis
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips fuscipennis
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
flowerhiddenAeolothripidaeMelanthrips ficalbii
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips incognitus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeSermylassa halensis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha metallica
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha tenebricosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha nicaeensis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha strangulata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha pratensis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeTimarcha goettingensis
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaePhyllobrotica adusta
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips tabaci
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAglaostigma fulvipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAglaostigma aucupariae
rootscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus gnidii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeHalidamia affinis
stemvagrantPseudococcidaePuto superbus
rootscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus cingulatus
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeVasates spurius
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus asperulae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces tabaci
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
stemvagrantAphididaeUhlmannIa singularis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza galii
fruitborerAgromyzidaeGymnophytomyza heteroneura
stemminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza discrepans
stemborerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza anteposita
stemminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza buhri
stemborerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza trivittata
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
flowervagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyperomyzus lactucae
systemicgallAphididaeHydaphias molluginis
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria galiobia
flowergallCecidomyiidaeSchizomyia galiorum
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura hygrophila
flowergallEriophyidaeAculus minutus
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia acrocecis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia galii
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia molluginis
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura aparines
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura asperulae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura galiicola
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAculus anthobius
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces riedlianus
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galii
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora aparines
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora calotheca
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora galii
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora galii-pedemontani
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora galii-rubioidis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesCladosporium galii
leafleaf spotHelotialesLeptotrochila verrucosa
leafgallAphididaeStaegeriella necopinata
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyes calvus
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyes galii
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyes psilocranus
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyes rouhollahi
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza galii
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza velutina
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza lucens
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza orphana
leafminerAgromyzidaeGaliomyza galiivora
leafminerAgromyzidaeGaliomyza morio
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma vagans
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium galii
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia asperulae-aparinis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia asperulae-odoratae
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia celakovskyana
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coaetanea
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia galii-cruciatae
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia punctata
leafpustuleaecia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia difformis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium molluginis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPucciniastrum guttatum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia galii-verni
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia lagerheimii
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia rivalis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia rubefaciens
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus cerasi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus umbonis
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeTegoprionus dentatus
stemgallAphididaeMyzus langei
stemgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia asperulae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeGeocrypta galii
stemgallCecidomyiidaeGeocrypta rostriformis
stemgallUstilaginalesMelanotaenium endogenum
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia galii
rootgallCecidomyiidaeAmetrodiplosis auripes
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis reaumuri
inquilineCecidomyiidaeTrotteria galii
inquilineCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis jaapi
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeDysaphis plantaginea
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis pyri
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis molluginis
rootvagrantAphididaeHydaphias mosana
stemvagrantAphididaeOssiannilssonia oelandica
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus staphyleae tulipaellus
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
stemvagrantAphididaeAmphorophora annae
leafvagrantAphididaeLinosiphon asperulophagum
leafvagrantAphididaeLinosiphon galii
systemicgallAphididaeAphis galiiscabri
leafgallrarelyAphididaeMacrosiphum cholodkovskyi
leafvagrantAphididaeLinosiphon galiophagum
stemvagrantAphididaeMyzus borealis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.iv.2021