Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rubia

Rubia madder

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a upper-surface corridor; larva a maggot: Galiomyza morio

1b mine full depth; larva with sclerotised head => 2

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a species of the Canary Islands: Pragmatodes fruticosella

2b species of the South European mainland: Monochroa melagonella

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 7.iii.2020