Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Teucrium scorodonia

wood sage

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia xanthographa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAporophyla australis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiachrysia chrysitis
leafvagrantGeometridaePetrophora narbonea
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantGeometridaePseudopanthera macularia
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania verbascalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx stachydearum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmelyanoviana mollicula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx curtisii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus nanus
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerborerNitidulidaeTeucriogethes obscurus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minusculus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus membranaceus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus celticus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina globosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia cordata
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus henryi
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania lancealis
leafhiddenCrambidaeSitochroa verticalis
stemgalldoubtfulCurculionidaeThamnurgus delphinii
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia alticolana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rurinana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCapperia britanniodactylus
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
flowergallTingidaeCopium clavicorne
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura teucrii
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora auricella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora chamaedriella
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma vagans
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium teucrii-scorodoniae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia annularis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCurculionidaeThamnurgus kaltenbachii
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis alienus
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus chamaedrys


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.xi.2021