Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lamium album

white dead-nettle

synonym: Lamium dumeticola

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowervagrantNoctuidaeAgrochola circellaris
leafvagrantNoctuidaePhlogophora meticulosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiachrysia chrysitis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa bractea
leafvagrantErebidaeEuplagia quadripunctaria
leafvagrantGeometridaePseudopanthera macularia
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeXanthorhoe quadrifasiata
leafminerdoubtfulChoreutidaeProchoreutis myllerana
rootborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeMogulones abbreviatulus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx stachydearum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis pilosa
unknownunknownCurculionidaeCoeliastes rustemi
unknownunknownCurculionidaeThamiocolus longicornis
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes sulcatus
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes medvedevi
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes haemorrhoidalis
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes aeneoviridinitens
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes atrovirens
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes dieckmanni
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes difficilis
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes morosus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus sahlbergi
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus imperialis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus sinapis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ballotae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina fastuosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo atra
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCoeliastes lamii
stemgallCurculionidaeThamnurgus kaltenbachii
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura lamiicola
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis lamii
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora lamii
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafleaf spotDiaporthalesAscochyta lamiorum
leafgallAphididaeAphis lamiorum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura corniculata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza flavipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza lamii
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ochripennella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafvagrantAphididaeCryptomyzus alboapicalis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus galeopsidis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria lamii
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera trifolii
rootgallUstilaginalesMelanotaenium jaapii
leafvagrantAphididaeCryptomyzus ballotae
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeCryptomyzus ribis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus stachydis
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeCryptomyzus ulmeri
stemvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lamii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.viii.2021