Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lamium galeobdolon

yellow archangel

synonym: Galeobdolon luteum, Lamiastrum galeobdolon & subsp. luteum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorTorymidaeTorymus gaieobdolonis
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas rotundipennis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa gamma
flowervagrantGeometridaePerizoma alchemillata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx stachydearum
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes atramentarius
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes buyssonii
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes difficilis
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes kunzei
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes morosus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus sahlbergi
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus imperialis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera femorata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus kutscherai
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina umbratilis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina purpurascens
leafhiddenTortricidaeOlindia schumacherana
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura strumosa
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafleaf spotDiaporthalesAscochyta lamiorum
leafgallAphididaeAphis lamiorum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia galeobdolontis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza flavipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza lamii
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza morionella
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda globosa
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus galeopsidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus maudamanti
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 10.v.2022