Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lamium purpureum

red dead-nettle

synonym: Lamium hybridum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria lamiicola
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris venustissimus
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas sexmaculatus
rootvagrantPentatomidaeSciocoris homalonotus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeRaglius alboacuminatus
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
leafvagrantNoctuidaePhlogophora meticulosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMacdunnoughia confusa
leafminerdoubtfulChoreutidaeProchoreutis myllerana
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeMogulones abbreviatulus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx melissae
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis pilosa
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis cyrtus
stemborerlarvararelyCurculionidaeDatonychus urticae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina herbacea
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeCoeliastes lamii
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura lamiicola
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis lamii
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora lamii
leafgallAphididaeAphis lamiorum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza flavipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza lamii
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza morionella
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ochripennella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus galeopsidis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeCryptomyzus ulmeri
leafvagrantAphididaeCryptomyzus ballotae
stemvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lamii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae beccabungae
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeCryptomyzus alboapicalis
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeCryptomyzus korschelti


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 24.ix.2022