Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Leonurus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantspring generationPterophoridaeCapperia trichodactyla
flowervagrantsummer generationPterophoridaeCapperia trichodactyla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis ballotae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza leonuri
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia occultans
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ballotella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia stipina
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeCryptomyzus ribis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria leonuri
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera trifolii
leafvagrantAphididaeCryptomyzus ballotae
leafvagrantAphididaeCryptomyzus leonuri
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 5.ix.2019