Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Phlomis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Neoheegeria dalmatica
stem vagrant Dictyopharidae Dictyophara asiatica
stem vagrant Dictyopharidae Dictyophara xiphias
stem vagrant Issidae Mycterodus lodosicus
stem vagrant Issidae Mycterodus tekneticus
stem vagrant Issidae Tshurtshurnella alanyana
stem vagrant Issidae Agalmatium bilobum
leaf gall Aphrophoridae Philaenus spumarius
leaf vagrant Hesperiidae Muschampia alta
stem borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia vulneris
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia cardui
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia longisetis
unknown unknown Pyralidae Euzopherodes lutisignella
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis pilosa
leaf vagrant Tingidae Hyalochiton colpochilus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis pauperata
leaf vagrant Tingidae Galeatus cellularis
unknown unknown doubtful Pterophoridae Agdistis satanas
fruit vagrant Noctuidae Aedophron rhodites
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Wheeleria phlomidis
leaf vagrant Hesperiidae Muschampia tessellum
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis seidenstueckeri
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Carcharodus orientalis
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Wheeleria obsoletus
root borer Cossidae Paracossulus thrips
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta phlomidis
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta phlomidis 2
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria phlomidis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria vassiljevskii
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria phlomidis-herbae-venti
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia phlomidis
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta lamiorum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia phlomidicola
flower vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Artheneis foveolata
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Oncotylus viridiflavus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Platyplax salviae
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Lygaeus equestris
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus annulus
leaf vagrant Miridae Macrotylus phlomidis
leaf vagrant Tingidae Hyalochiton multiseriatus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis hellenica
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus lineellus
flower vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster testudinaria
leaf vagrant Miridae Reuterista instabilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterocordylus carbonellus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Nezara viridula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Staria lunata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris mediterraneus
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus brevis
leaf vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus insidiator
leaf vagrant Miridae Malacotes phlomidis
leaf vagrant Berytidae Gampsocoris punctipes
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
leaf pustule Pucciniales Puccinia stapfiana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium phlomidis
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
unknown unknown Erebidae Rhypagla lacernaria
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia violacea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza leonuri
root collar borer Cerambycidae Pilemia hirsutula
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Aedophron phlebophora
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Muschampia proto
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Muschampia proteides
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis granadensis
leaf vagrant Tingidae Galeatus sinuatus
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys phlyctaenodes
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx melissae
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis pauperata
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus allotrophus
root vagrant doubtful Chrysomelidae Longitarsus aramaicus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus ferruginipennis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus anacardius
root borer Curculionidae Thamiocolus sahlbergi
unknown unknown Curculionidae Thamiocolus nubeculosus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Labiaticola melaena
unknown unknown Curculionidae Labiaticola sibirica
root vagrant Curculionidae Thamiocolus comptus
root borer Curculionidae Thamiocolus subulatus
root borer Curculionidae Thamiocolus uniformis
root borer Curculionidae Thamiocolus virgatus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus minusculus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus karlheinzi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus seticollis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus lycopi
unknown unknown larva Curculionidae Labiaticola atricolor
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurolobus wunni
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia ramburi
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia oxybeliformis
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia rugulosa
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia depressiuscula
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora inusitatella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conspersa
flower borer Tephritidae Aciura coryli
flower gall Cynipidae Vetustia investigata
flower gall Cynipidae Aulacidea diakontschukae
flower vagrant summer generation Aphididae Roepkea marchali
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia phlomidis
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Phlomidiomyia pustularis
leaf gall Cynipidae Panteliella fedtschenkoi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria onychia
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza balcanica
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza madrilena
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza morionella
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys goberti
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys pumilus
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lineolea
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora phlomidella
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Puccinia phlomidis
stem borer Cynipidae Aulacidea phlomica
stem borer Cynipidae Panteliella bicolor
stem borer Cynipidae Phanacis phlomidis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.ix.2023