Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Phlomis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafhiddenHesperiidaeMuschampia proto
leafhiddenHesperiidaeMuschampia proto
leafhiddenHesperiidaeMuschampia proteides
leafhiddendoubtfulHesperiidaeMuschampia cribrellum
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis granadensis
leafvagrantTingidaeGaleatus sinuatus
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys phlyctaenodes
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx melissae
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis pauperata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus allotrophus
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus aramaicus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ferruginipennis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus anacardius
leafvagrantTetranychidaePseudobryobia longisetis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus sahlbergi
unknownunknownCurculionidaeThamiocolus nubeculosus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLabiaticola melaena
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLabiaticola sibirica
rootvagrantCurculionidaeThamiocolus comptus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus subulatus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus uniformis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus virgatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minusculus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus karlheinzi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus seticollis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
unknownunknownlarvaCurculionidaeLabiaticola atricolor
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus wunni
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia ramburi
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia oxybeliformis
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia rugulosa
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia depressiuscula
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora inusitatella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora conspersa
flowerborerTephritidaeAciura coryli
flowergallCynipidaeVetustia investigata
flowergallCynipidaeAulacidea diakontschukae
flowervagrantsummer generationAphididaeRoepkea marchali
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia phlomidis
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafgallCecidomyiidaePhlomidiomyia pustularis
leafgallCynipidaePanteliella fedtschenkoi
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria onychia
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza balcanica
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza madrilena
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza morionella
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys goberti
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys pumilus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lineolea
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora phlomidella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia stipina
leafpustuleaecia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia phlomidis
stemborerCynipidaeAulacidea phlomica
stemborerCynipidaePanteliella bicolor
stemborerCynipidaePhanacis phlomidis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.v.2021