Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phlomis tuberosa

synonym: Phlomoides tuberosa; Phlomis glandulifera

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minusculus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeThamiocolus nubeculosus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus sahlbergi
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLabiaticola sibirica
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia depressiuscula
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus virgatus
flowergallCynipidaeAulacidea diakontschukae
flowergallCynipidaeVetustia investigata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia phlomidis
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafgallCynipidaePanteliella fedtschenkoi
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria onychia
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia stipina
leafpustuleaecia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia phlomidis
stemborerCynipidaeAulacidea phlomica
stemborerCynipidaePanteliella bicolor
stemborerCynipidaePhanacis phlomidis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 26.xi.2020