Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Sideritis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus achilleae
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus pumilus
root collar scale Pseudococcidae Dysmicoccus angustifrons
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus canescens
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus gerodes
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus elongatus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus ornatus
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips trehernei
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis ragusana
fruit borer Tortricidae Endothenia pauperculana
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia marrubii
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eudolycoris alluaudi
root collar Pentatomidae Sciocoris sideritidis
root collar vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris maculatus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bethylimorphus leucophaes
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris purpureipennis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris ventralis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Thamiocolus wollastoni
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
unknown unknown Geometridae Eupithecia boryata
flower borer Geometridae Eupithecia rosai
unknown unknown Geometridae Eupithecia gomerensis
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Carcharodus orientalis
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis griseola
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis insularis
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis alberensis
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis christianriegeri
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis sideritis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus nanus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus incospicuus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Thamiocolus wollastoni
unknown unknown Curculionidae Thamiocolus garajonay
unknown unknown Curculionidae Thamiocolus grancanariensis
flower borer Tephritidae Aciura coryli
leaf gall unknown on Sideritis raeseri
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus allotrophus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus minusculus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus celticus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina cerealis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina colasi
flower borer Tortricidae Aethes moribundana
unknown unknown Pterophoridae Capperia hellenica
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia mysiniformis
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora auricella
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Puccinia mayorii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.i.2024