Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Stachys

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeOvularia betonicae
leafleaf spotDermateaceaePhlyctema stachydis
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta betonicae
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria stachydicola
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta betonicae
leafleaf spotDothideomycetes incertae sedisAsteromella fibrillosa var. prodicta
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta stachydis
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria stachydis
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia robiciana
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia bresadolae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii var. minor
leafvagrantPentatomidaePeribalus inclusus
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas bicolor
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas sexmaculatus
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris morio
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris aeneus
leafvagrantrarelyCydnidaeLegnotus limbosus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeRaglius alboacuminatus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeStaria lunata
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus mayri
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthonotus rufifrons
leafvagrantMiridaeLepidargyrus ancorifer
PentatomidaeRubiconia intermedia
predatorrarelyMiridaeMacrolophus rubi
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus pratensis
leafvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeChrysolina pseudolurida
predatorMiridaeDicyphus epilobii
predatorMiridaeDicyphus flavoviridis
leafvagrantMiridaeLygocoris pabulinus
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris alpestris
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris lineolatus
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris roseomaculatus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops kalmii
leafvagrantMiridaeStenodema virens
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis hellenica
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis hellenica
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris ticinensis
predatorMiridaeDicyphus pallidus
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus pygmaeus
predatorMiridaeDicyphus errans
stemvagrantPentatomidaePalomena prasina
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius niger
leafvagrantTingidaeHyalochiton syrmiensis
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus solitarius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia maroccana
predatorMiridaeDicyphus constrictus
flowervagrantMiridaeGrypocoris sexguttatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus rugulipennis
leafvagrantRhopalidaeRhopalus subrufus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris venustissimus
leafvagrantBerytidaeGampsocoris culicinus
leafpustulePuccinialesPuccinia hariotii
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza leonuri
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia foliaphila
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza stachysi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMelanchra persicariae
leafvagrantGeometridaeXanthorhoe montanata
root collarborerCerambycidaePilemia hirsutula
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa bractea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiachrysia chrysitis
leafvagrantdoubtfulErebidaeHypena proboscidalis
leafvagrantGeometridaePseudopanthera macularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeGnophos furvata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
flowervagrantGeometridaePerizoma alchemillata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea didyma
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarcharodus lavatherae
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarcharodus floccifera
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarcharodus orientalis
leafhiddenHesperiidaeMuschampia proteides
leafvagrantPyralidaeUdea ferrugalis
leafhiddenCrambidaeEcpyrrhorrhoe rubiginalis
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis pilosa
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis liturata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEvacanthus acuminatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx curtisii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmelyanoviana mollicula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx stachydearum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx divulsa
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx lelievrei
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus anacardius
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus nanus
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis maculata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ordinatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus allotrophus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus membranaceus
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis geniculata
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis ragusana
flowerborerTephritidaeAciura coryli
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus sinapis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus derennei
unknownunknownCurculionidaeDatonychus scabrirostris
unknownunknownCurculionidaeThamiocolus longicornis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella occidentalis
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips zurstrasseni
flowerhiddenPhlaeothripidaeNeoheegeria dalmatica
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips brevicornis
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerborerNitidulidaeStachygethes variolosus
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes brunnicornis
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes bolognai
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes amei
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes persicus
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia maura
flowerborerNitidulidaeStachygethes saxatilis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida viridis
rootvagrantCurculionidaeThamiocolus roessleri
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus paravilis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus hexatomus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus pubicollis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus viduatus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus kraatzi
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus signatus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus imperialis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minusculus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minusculus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus celticus
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia rugulosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina stachydis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina fastuosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina graminis
rootvagrantUnknown code!ChrysomelidaePhyllobrotica quadrimaculata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllobrotica adusta
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina purpurascens
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mesomela
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania hortulata
leafhiddenPterophoridaeWheeleria ivae
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania lancealis
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania stachydalis
leafvagrantdoubtfulPterophoridaeAgdistis heydeni
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowerhiddenmainThripidaeThrips atratus
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeParamesia gnomana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeParamesia gnomana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
flowerhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeEndothenia marginana
stemborerTortricidaeEndothenia pullana
stemborerTortricidaeEndothenia nigricostana
rootborerTortricidaeEndothenia ericetana
root collarborerTortricidaeEndothenia quadrimaculana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops martonaroni
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus stachysi
unknownunknownPterophoridaeCapperia hellenica
leafvagrantspring generationPterophoridaeCapperia fusca
flowervagrantsummer generationPterophoridaeCapperia fusca
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia punctidactyla
flowerboreryounger larvaAdelidaeNemophora prodigellus
leafvagrantolder larvaAdelidaeNemophora prodigellus
flowerborerAlucitidaeAlucita desmodactyla
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
leafvagrantdoubtfulGelechiidaeAristotelia subdecurtella
unknownunknownlarvaCurculionidaeLabiaticola atricolor
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus angulosus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus urticae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus heinzei
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia thracica
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae beccabungae
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia mysiniformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia staudingeri
root collarborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia dumonti
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia cynoglossi
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia depressiuscula
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza tschirnhausi
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria solida
flowerdownPeronosporalesPeronospora jagei
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia stachydis
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAmetrodiplosis crassinerva
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum betonicae
flowervagrantsummer generationAphididaeRoepkea marchali
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora stachydis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafgallAphididaeAphis stachydis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella stachydis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza eupatorii
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza morionella
leafminermainBuprestidaeTrachys problematicus
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys pumilus
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda globosa
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia foersteri
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia rugulosa
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora auricella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ballotella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lineolea
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ochripennella
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora onopordiella
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora pennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora virgatella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora wockeella
leafminerMomphidaeStagmatophora heydeniella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia stachydis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia betonicae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia vossii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus galeopsidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus korschelti
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus ribis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus jaceae
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCurculionidaeThamnurgus kaltenbachii
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera avenae
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera goettingiana
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeKaltenbachiella pallida
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus stachydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus stachyos
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 13.xi.2022