Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stachys annua

annual woundwort

synonym: Stachys betonica Crantz, neglecta

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lamii
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops kalmii
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema virens
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia betonicae
flower borer Nitidulidae Stachygethes variolosus
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia rugulosa
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower hidden main Thripidae Thrips atratus
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria solida
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia stachydis
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora stachydis
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys problematicus
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys pumilus
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia stachydis
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia vossii
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera goettingiana
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Cryptomyzus korschelti


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.vii.2022