Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stachys palustris

marsh woundwort

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorPteromalidaeMiscogaster maculata
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia bresadolae
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus solitarius
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris venustissimus
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas bicolor
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris ticinensis
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia foliaphila
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza stachysi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus pubicollis
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips zurstrasseni
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida viridis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus viduatus
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus kraatzi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina fastuosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina graminis
rootvagrantUnknown code!ChrysomelidaePhyllobrotica quadrimaculata
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania lancealis
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania stachydalis
stemborerTortricidaeEndothenia pullana
stemborerTortricidaeEndothenia nigricostana
rootborerTortricidaeEndothenia ericetana
root collarborerTortricidaeEndothenia quadrimaculana
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
leafvagrantdoubtfulGelechiidaeAristotelia subdecurtella
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus angulosus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus urticae
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowerdownPeronosporalesPeronospora jagei
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora stachydis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella stachydis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus galeopsidis
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus ribis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.vii.2022