Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stachys recta

perennial woundwort

synonym: Stachys betonica Scop., patula

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta betonicae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafvagrantPentatomidaePeribalus inclusus
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris morio
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris venustissimus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeStaria lunata
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus mayri
leafvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeChrysolina pseudolurida
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus solitarius
root collarborerCerambycidaePilemia hirsutula
leafvagrantGeometridaeGnophos furvata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea didyma
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarcharodus lavatherae
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarcharodus floccifera
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmelyanoviana mollicula
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus nanus
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis maculata
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus pubicollis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus sinapis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus derennei
unknownunknownCurculionidaeDatonychus scabrirostris
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia depressiuscula
unknownunknownlarvaCurculionidaeLabiaticola atricolor
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida viridis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus signatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus minusculus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus celticus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllobrotica adusta
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops martonaroni
unknownunknownPterophoridaeCapperia hellenica
leafvagrantspring generationdoubtfulPterophoridaeCapperia fusca
flowervagrantsummer generationdoubtfulPterophoridaeCapperia fusca
flowerborerAlucitidaeAlucita desmodactyla
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
root collarborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia dumonti
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia cynoglossi
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria solida
flowerdownPeronosporalesPeronospora jagei
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia stachydis
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum betonicae
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafgallmainAphididaeAphis stachydis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella stachydis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminermainBuprestidaeTrachys problematicus
leafminermainBuprestidaeTrachys pumilus
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia rugulosa
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora auricella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lineolea
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia stachydis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia vossii
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 13.xi.2022