Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stachys sylvatica

hedge woundwort

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta stachydis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria stachydis
predator Eulophidae Chrysocharis amyite
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lamii
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris aeneus
leaf vagrant rarely Cydnidae Legnotus limbosus
root vagrant Cydnidae Tritomegas bicolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthonotus rufifrons
leaf vagrant Miridae Lepidargyrus ancorifer
Pentatomidae Rubiconia intermedia
predator rarely Miridae Macrolophus rubi
predator Miridae Dicyphus epilobii
predator Miridae Dicyphus flavoviridis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygocoris pabulinus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hauptidia maroccana
leaf vagrant Miridae Macrotylus solitarius
predator Miridae Dicyphus pallidus
predator Miridae Macrolophus pygmaeus
predator Miridae Dicyphus errans
leaf predator Miridae Dicyphus stachydis
predator Miridae Dicyphus constrictus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris venustissimus
leaf vagrant Berytidae Gampsocoris culicinus
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Scopula nigropunctata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diachrysia chrysitis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Pseudopanthera macularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ectropis crepuscularia
flower vagrant Geometridae Perizoma alchemillata
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Carcharodus floccifera
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx curtisii
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx stachydearum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx florida
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis ragusana
root borer Curculionidae Thamiocolus viduatus
stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus derennei
unknown unknown Curculionidae Thamiocolus longicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips picipes
flower borer Nitidulidae Lamiogethes brunnicornis
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia rugulosa
root borer Curculionidae Thamiocolus imperialis
root borer Curculionidae Thamiocolus kraatzi
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina purpurascens
stem borer Noctuidae Hydraecia micacea
leaf hidden Crambidae Anania lancealis
leaf hidden Crambidae Anania stachydalis
stem gall Curculionidae Thamnurgus kaltenbachii
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Paramesia gnomana
stem borer Tortricidae Endothenia nigricostana
root borer doubtful Tortricidae Endothenia ericetana
flower borer Pterophoridae Amblyptilia punctidactyla
flower borer Alucitidae Alucita desmodactyla
flower borer Pterophoridae Amblyptilia acanthadactyla
stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus urticae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia labiatarum
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Ametrodiplosis crassinerva
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora stachydis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Wachtliella stachydis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza morionella
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lineolea
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ochripennella
leaf miner Momphidae Stagmatophora heydeniella
leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia stachydis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cryptomyzus korschelti
stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza lateralis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cryptomyzus ribis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cryptomyzus stachydis
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis stachydis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 7.x.2022