Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stachys sylvatica

hedge woundwort

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorEulophidaeChrysocharis amyite
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris aeneus
leafvagrantrarelyCydnidaeLegnotus limbosus
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas bicolor
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthonotus rufifrons
leafvagrantMiridaeLepidargyrus ancorifer
PentatomidaeRubiconia intermedia
predatorrarelyMiridaeMacrolophus rubi
predatorMiridaeDicyphus epilobii
predatorMiridaeDicyphus flavoviridis
leafvagrantMiridaeLygocoris pabulinus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia maroccana
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus solitarius
predatorMiridaeDicyphus pallidus
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus pygmaeus
predatorMiridaeDicyphus errans
leafpredatorMiridaeDicyphus stachydis
predatorMiridaeDicyphus constrictus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris venustissimus
leafvagrantBerytidaeGampsocoris culicinus
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMelanchra persicariae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiachrysia chrysitis
leafvagrantGeometridaePseudopanthera macularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
flowervagrantGeometridaePerizoma alchemillata
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarcharodus floccifera
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx curtisii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx stachydearum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
leafvagrantTingidaeTingis ragusana
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus viduatus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus derennei
unknownunknownCurculionidaeThamiocolus longicornis
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes brunnicornis
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia rugulosa
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus imperialis
rootborerCurculionidaeThamiocolus kraatzi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina purpurascens
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania lancealis
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania stachydalis
stemgallCurculionidaeThamnurgus kaltenbachii
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddenTortricidaeParamesia gnomana
stemborerTortricidaeEndothenia nigricostana
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEndothenia ericetana
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia punctidactyla
flowerborerAlucitidaeAlucita desmodactyla
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus urticae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAmetrodiplosis crassinerva
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora stachydis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella stachydis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza morionella
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lineolea
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ochripennella
leafminerMomphidaeStagmatophora heydeniella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia stachydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus korschelti
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus ribis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus stachydis
leafgallAphididaeAphis stachydis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 12.vii.2022