Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Lavandula

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Merrifieldia particiliata
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Merrifieldia chordodactylus
root film Xylariaceae Dematophora necatrix
leaf leaf spot Diaporthaceae Phomopsis lavandulae
leaf leaf spot Botryosphaeriaceae Macrophomina phaseolina
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf down Peronosporaceae Peronospora belbahrii
flower vagrant Pyralidae Hypotia corticalis
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius thymi
leaf vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Tropidothorax leucopterus
leaf vagrant Miridae Reuterista instabilis
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Heterogaster artemisiae
leaf vagrant Miridae Tinicephalus rubiginosus
leaf vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Lygaeus creticus
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Stictopleurus crassicornis
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Heterogaster canariensis
leaf vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus insidiator
unknown unknown doubtful Tortricidae Lozotaenia mabilliana
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis peltigera
root vagrant Cixiidae Hyalesthes obsoletus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Dyscia distinctaria
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus calceolariae
leaf gall Pseudococcidae Dysmicoccus lavandulae
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella lavandulae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Phlogophora meticulosa
leaf vagrant Geometridae Synopsia sociaria
leaf vagrant Nolidae Nola subchlamydula
leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea litigiosaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia tripunctaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Petrophora convergata
leaf vagrant Kinnaridae Kinnacana clara
leaf vagrant Kinnaridae Kinnoccia chromata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx zelleri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx decemnotata
flower borer Tephritidae Sphaeniscus filiolus
unknown unknown Tephritidae Oxyaciura tibialis
leaf vagrant doubtful Thripidae Bregmatothrips bournieri
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella occidentalis
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips pallidior
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes subfumatus
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes nigritus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina americana
stem gall Eriococcidae Rhizococcus devoniensis
leaf hidden Pyralidae Moitrelia boeticella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Pempeliella sororiella
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Agdistis adactyla
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Merrifieldia malacodactylus
unknown unknown Pyralidae Pempeliella malacella
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf hidden Pyralidae Pempeliella ardosiella
flower borer Blastobasidae Tecmerium anthophaga
flower hidden main Thripidae Thrips atratus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Ditula joannisiana
flower borer Pterophoridae Amblyptilia acanthadactyla
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia aerifrons
unknown vagrant doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora niveiciliella
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Septoria lavandulae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucarazzia elegans
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Aphis salviae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia tavaresi
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella grabowiella
leaf miner Elachistidae Stephensia cedronellae
leaf miner Gelechiidae Sophronia humerella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis lavandulae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis sanctaecrucis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis stoechadella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 17.iii.2023