Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Clinopodium vulgare

wild basil

synonym: Acinos, Satureja vulgaris; Calamintha, Satureja, clinopodium

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucarazzia elegans
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria calaminthae
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta lamiorum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia calaminthae
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Heterogaster affinis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris venustissimus
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Rhopalus subrufus
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia clinopodiiflorae
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Emelyanoviana mollicula
stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus derennei
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx curtisii
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx florida
flower borer Nitidulidae Lamiogethes bidens
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus obliteratus
root vagrant doubtful Chrysomelidae Longitarsus nimrodi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus lycopi
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Acompsia schmidtiellus
leaf hidden Pyralidae Moitrelia obductella
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta aurata
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis senecionana
root collar borer larva Apionidae Squamapion flavimanum
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Cryptomyzus heinzei
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia labiatarum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ovatomyzus boraginacearum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis clinopodii
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza nepetae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza obscura
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda globosa
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops clinopodii
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia curvipalpis
stem gall doubtful Apionidae Squamapion vicinum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis calaminthae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ovatomyzus chamaedrys


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 24.v.2023