Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Clinopodium vulgare

wild basil

synonym: Acinos, Satureja vulgaris; Calamintha, Satureja, clinopodium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria calaminthae
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta lamiorum
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia calaminthae
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster affinis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris venustissimus
leafvagrantRhopalidaeRhopalus subrufus
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia clinopodiiflorae
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia satyrata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmelyanoviana mollicula
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus derennei
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx curtisii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes bidens
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratus
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus nimrodi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAcompsia schmidtiellus
leafhiddenPyralidaeMoitrelia obductella
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aurata
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis senecionana
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion flavimanum
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeCryptomyzus heinzei
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus boraginacearum
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis clinopodii
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza nepetae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza obscura
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda globosa
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia menthae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops clinopodii
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
stemgalldoubtfulApionidaeSquamapion vicinum
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis calaminthae
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus chamaedrys


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 24.viii.2022