Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Clinopodium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerborerNitidulidaeLamiogethes bidens
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina herbacea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratus
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus nimrodi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina fastuosa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina lucida
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina cerealis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina coerulans
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura simonyi
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia malacodactylus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAcompsia schmidtiellus
flowervagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia tridactyla
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aurata
leafhiddenPyralidaeMoitrelia obductella
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria pulcherrimella
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis senecionana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion flavimanum
stemgallApionidaeSquamapion alpinum
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeCryptomyzus heinzei
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia aerifrons
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia occultans
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis clinopodii
flowergallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia calaminthae
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora calaminthae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza nepetae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza obscura
leafminerBuprestidaeHabroloma triangulare
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda globosa
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia depressiuscula
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerElachistidaeStephensia brunnichella
leafminerElachistidaeStephensia cedronellae
leafminerNepticulidaeGlaucolepis saturejae
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia menthae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops clinopodii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops hamatus
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
stemgalldoubtfulApionidaeSquamapion vicinum
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus boraginacearum
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus chamaedrys
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis calaminthae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafgallAphididaeAphis origani


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 5.viii.2020