Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Glechoma

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria urticae
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta lamiorum
leaf hidden rarely Tortricidae Notocelia cynosbatella
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Megabruchidius dorsalis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
leaf vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Hoplodrina octogenaria
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa bractea
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euplagia quadripunctaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Xanthorhoe spadicearia
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx vittata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx florida
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus juncicola
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower borer Nitidulidae Sagittogethes ovatus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus substriatus
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Longitarsus ballotae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina chalcites
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina graminis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus lycopi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus ferrugineus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina polita
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina sturmi
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia cryptocephala
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Athalia circularis
root scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus cracens
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha lacunana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza nigriceps
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella glechomae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura glechomae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces biocellatus
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora glechomae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia glechomatis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rondaniola bursaria
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner rarely Agromyzidae Agromyza flavipennis
leaf miner main Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza lamii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza morionella
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza glechomae
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys scrobiculatus
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ochripennella
leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia glechomatis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cryptomyzus galeopsidis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus glechomae
stem gall Cynipidae Liposthenes glechomae
predator Capnodiales Cladosporium uredinicola
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae tulipaellus
root collar vagrant Aphididae Ovatus glechomae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.ix.2022