Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Glechoma

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria urticae
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta lamiorum
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeNotocelia cynosbatella
fruitborerChrysomelidaeMegabruchidius dorsalis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia thymi
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeHoplodrina octogenaria
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa bractea
leafvagrantErebidaeEuplagia quadripunctaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeXanthorhoe spadicearia
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx vittata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus juncicola
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerborerNitidulidaeSagittogethes ovatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus substriatus
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ballotae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina chalcites
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina graminis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ferrugineus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina polita
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina sturmi
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia cryptocephala
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia circularis
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus cracens
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza nigriceps
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeJanetiella glechomae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura glechomae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces biocellatus
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora glechomae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia glechomatis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRondaniola bursaria
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerrarelyAgromyzidaeAgromyza flavipennis
leafminermainAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza lamii
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza morionella
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza glechomae
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys scrobiculatus
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ochripennella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia glechomatis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus galeopsidis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus glechomae
stemgallCynipidaeLiposthenes glechomae
predatorCapnodialesCladosporium uredinicola
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus staphyleae tulipaellus
root collarvagrantAphididaeOvatus glechomae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.ix.2022