Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Glechoma hederacea

ground-ivy

synonym: Nepeta glechoma, hederacea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSeptoria urticae
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta lamiorum
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeNotocelia cynosbatella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia thymi
leafvagrantErebidaeEuplagia quadripunctaria
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeHoplodrina octogenaria
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa bractea
leafvagrantGeometridaeXanthorhoe spadicearia
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx vittata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ballotae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus juncicola
flowerborerNitidulidaeSagittogethes ovatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus substriatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina polita
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina sturmi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia circularis
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus cracens
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza nigriceps
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeJanetiella glechomae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura glechomae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces biocellatus
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora glechomae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia glechomatis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRondaniola bursaria
leafminerrarelyAgromyzidaeAgromyza flavipennis
leafminermainAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza lamii
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza morionella
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza glechomae
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys scrobiculatus
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ochripennella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia glechomatis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCryptomyzus galeopsidis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus glechomae
stemgallCynipidaeLiposthenes glechomae
root collarvagrantAphididaeOvatus glechomae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 20.ix.2022