Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Mentha

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower borer Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Tenuipalpus kobachidzei
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia longisetis
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus ludeni
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus kanzawai
flower vagrant Nolidae Nola chlamitulalis
leaf vagrant Gelechiidae Ethmia discrepitella
leaf vagrant Nolidae Nola confusalis
stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae
unknown unknown Pterophoridae Merrifieldia menthae
root gall Plasmodiophoraceae Ligniera junci
root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola
root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium albo-atrum
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
leaf leaf spot Elsinoaceae Elsinoë menthae
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta menthae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria menthae
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella fibrillosa var. prodicta
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia menthicola
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta leonuri
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ctenoplusia limbirena
root vagrant Cydnidae Tritomegas sexmaculatus
root collar vagrant doubtful Miridae Capsus ater
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris ticinensis
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Spilostethus saxatilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus collaris
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Heterogaster cathariae
leaf vagrant Miridae Liocoris tripustulatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthonotus rufifrons
leaf vagrant Miridae Opisthotaenia fulvipes
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Scolopostethus thomsoni
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus punctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Lepidargyrus ancorifer
leaf vagrant Tingidae Kalama tricornis
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Rhopalus subrufus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Heterogaster artemisiae
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops basalis
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops kalmii
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Polymerus cognatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus gemellatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus nasutus
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygocoris pabulinus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris ventralis
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris flavilinea
predator Pentatomidae Zicrona caerulea
leaf vagrant doubtful Pentatomidae Vilpianus galii
leaf vagrant Miridae Apolygus lucorum
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus arbustorum
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
predator Miridae Campylomma verbasci
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
leaf vagrant Miridae Europiella alpina
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus obsidianus
leaf vagrant Crambidae Psammotis pulveralis
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Coptocephala raffrayi
stem borer Opostegidae Pseudopostega crepusculella
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euplagia quadripunctaria
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis peltigera
scale Pseudococcidae Pelionella stellarocheae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ctenoplusia accentifera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Thysanoplusia circumscripta
leaf vagrant Erebidae Rhyparioides metelkana
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Thysanoplusia daubei
leaf vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Eucarta virgo
leaf vagrant doubtful Erebidae Schrankia balneorum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta rumicis
flower vagrant Erebidae Schrankia costaestrigalis
leaf vagrant doubtful Nolidae Meganola albula
leaf vagrant Geometridae Pseudopanthera macularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula ornata
leaf vagrant Nolidae Nola cristatula
leaf vagrant Geometridae Microloxia herbaria
leaf hidden doubtful Crambidae Pyrausta purpuralis
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta castalis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula minorata
flower vagrant Geometridae Chloroclystis v-ata
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Udea ferrugalis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina globipennis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx rostrata
leaf vagrant Crambidae Pyrausta nigrata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx stachydearum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx zelleri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx gyaurdagicus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Emelyanoviana mollicula
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx vittata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx aurata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Megamelodes quadrimaculatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Empoasca vitis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx melissae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx decemnotata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx thoulessi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx florida
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx atropunctata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx origani
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx collina
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus membranaceus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus juncicola
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus lewisii
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis cyrtus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis intermedius
stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus arquata
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes foddaii
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes otini
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes submetallicus
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes normandi
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes egenus
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes gagathinus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus bertii
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina bankii
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida bella
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida viridis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina grossa
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus ordinatus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus fulgens
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina viridana
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus lycopi
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus ferrugineus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina americana
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina cerealis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina staphylaea
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Prasocuris phellandrii
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina polita
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina herbacea
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina coerulans
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina graminis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina lucida
unknown unknown Apionidae Squamapion consors
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis nigronotata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis antennata
Chlamydomonadales “Chlorochytrium rubrum”
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis rapae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo marginella
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo atra
unknown unknown Tortricidae Phiaris umbrosana
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha lacunana
leaf hidden Crambidae Anania hortulata
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Merrifieldia malacodactylus
leaf hidden doubtful Crambidae Pyrausta porphyralis
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Acompsia schmidtiellus
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
flower vagrant Pterophoridae Merrifieldia tridactyla
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Merrifieldia semiodactylus
leaf hidden Pyralidae Moitrelia obductella
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta aurata
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis dumetana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
flower hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia genitalana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Philedonides lunana
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
root collar borer Tortricidae Endothenia quadrimaculana
root borer Tortricidae Endothenia ericetana
stem borer Tortricidae Phalonidia manniana
leaf vagrant doubtful Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops niloticus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Leipothrix menthae
flower borer Pterophoridae Amblyptilia acanthadactyla
fruit vagrant Gelechiidae Thiotricha subocellea
stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus melanostictus
unknown borer larva Apionidae Squamapion delagrangei
root borer larva doubtful Apionidae Squamapion cineraceum
root collar borer larva Apionidae Squamapion flavimanum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
fruit borer Agromyzidae Napomyza scrophulariae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia alysoniformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia aerifrons
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucarazzia elegans
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis pulegii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia menthae
flower down Peronosporales Peronospora stigmaticola
flower gall Eriophyidae Aculops maroccensis
flower gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes menthae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces monardae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lamii
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis affinis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria megacera
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria mentharia
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza petoei
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza tetrasticha
leaf miner doubtful Buprestidae Trachys problematicus
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys scrobiculatus
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia occultans
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf miner Elachistidae Stephensia cedronellae
leaf miner doubtful Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa artemisiella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ovatus mentharius
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops clinopodii
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops hamatus
stem gall Apionidae Squamapion vicinum
stem pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma menthae
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Kaltenbachiella pallida
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf gall summer generation Aphididae Ovatus crataegarius
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ovatomyzus boraginacearum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 24.ix.2023