Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Mentha

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDothideomycetes incertae sedisAsteromella fibrillosa var. prodicta
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia menthicola
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta leonuri
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCtenoplusia limbirena
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas sexmaculatus
root collarvagrantdoubtfulMiridaeCapsus ater
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris ticinensis
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeSpilostethus saxatilis
leafvagrantMiridaePsallus collaris
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster cathariae
leafvagrantMiridaeLiocoris tripustulatus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthonotus rufifrons
leafvagrantMiridaeOpisthotaenia fulvipes
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeScolopostethus thomsoni
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus punctatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLepidargyrus ancorifer
leafvagrantTingidaeKalama tricornis
leafvagrantRhopalidaeRhopalus subrufus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster artemisiae
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops basalis
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops kalmii
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus bipunctatus
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus chrysanthemi
leafvagrantMiridaePolymerus cognatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus gemellatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus rugulipennis
leafvagrantMiridaeAmblytylus nasutus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygocoris pabulinus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris ventralis
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris flavilinea
predatorPentatomidaeZicrona caerulea
leafvagrantdoubtfulPentatomidaeVilpianus galii
leafvagrantMiridaeApolygus lucorum
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus arbustorum
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris lineolatus
predatorMiridaeCampylomma verbasci
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus pratensis
leafvagrantMiridaeEuropiella alpina
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus obsidianus
leafvagrantCrambidaePsammotis pulveralis
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeCoptocephala raffrayi
stemborerOpostegidaePseudopostega crepusculella
leafvagrantErebidaeEuplagia quadripunctaria
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHeliothis peltigera
scalePseudococcidaePelionella stellarocheae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCtenoplusia accentifera
leafvagrantNoctuidaeThysanoplusia circumscripta
leafvagrantErebidaeRhyparioides metelkana
leafvagrantNoctuidaeThysanoplusia daubei
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeEucarta virgo
leafvagrantdoubtfulErebidaeSchrankia balneorum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta auricoma
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa gamma
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta rumicis
flowervagrantErebidaeSchrankia costaestrigalis
leafvagrantdoubtfulNolidaeMeganola albula
leafvagrantGeometridaePseudopanthera macularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula ornata
leafvagrantNolidaeNola cristatula
leafvagrantGeometridaeMicroloxia herbaria
leafhiddendoubtfulCrambidaePyrausta purpuralis
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta castalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula minorata
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
leafvagrantPyralidaeUdea ferrugalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina globipennis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx rostrata
leafvagrantCrambidaePyrausta nigrata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx stachydearum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx zelleri
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx gyaurdagicus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmelyanoviana mollicula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx vittata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx aurata
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMegamelodes quadrimaculatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca vitis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx melissae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx decemnotata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx thoulessi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx origani
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx collina
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus membranaceus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus juncicola
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lewisii
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis cyrtus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis intermedius
leafvagrantTetranychidaePseudobryobia longisetis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus arquata
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes foddaii
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes otini
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes submetallicus
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes normandi
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes egenus
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes gagathinus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus bertii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina bankii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida bella
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida viridis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina grossa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ordinatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus fulgens
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina viridana
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ferrugineus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina americana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina cerealis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina staphylaea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris phellandrii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina polita
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina herbacea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina coerulans
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina graminis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina lucida
unknownunknownApionidaeSquamapion consors
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis nigronotata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis antennata
Chlamydomonadales“Chlorochytrium rubrum”
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo marginella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo atra
unknownunknownTortricidaePhiaris umbrosana
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania hortulata
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia malacodactylus
leafhiddendoubtfulCrambidaePyrausta porphyralis
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAcompsia schmidtiellus
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
flowervagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia tridactyla
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia semiodactylus
leafhiddenPyralidaeMoitrelia obductella
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aurata
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis dumetana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia genitalana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledonides lunana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
root collarborerTortricidaeEndothenia quadrimaculana
rootborerTortricidaeEndothenia ericetana
stemborerTortricidaePhalonidia manniana
leafvagrantdoubtfulEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops niloticus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeLeipothrix menthae
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
fruitvagrantGelechiidaeThiotricha subocellea
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus melanostictus
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion delagrangei
rootborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeSquamapion cineraceum
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion flavimanum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
fruitborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza scrophulariae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia alysoniformis
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia aerifrons
leafvagrantAphididaeEucarazzia elegans
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis pulegii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia menthae
flowerdownPeronosporalesPeronospora stigmaticola
flowergallEriophyidaeAculops maroccensis
flowergallEriophyidaeEriophyes menthae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces monardae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafgallAphididaeAphis affinis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria megacera
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria mentharia
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza labiatarum
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza petoei
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza tetrasticha
leafminerdoubtfulBuprestidaeTrachys problematicus
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys scrobiculatus
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia occultans
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerElachistidaeStephensia cedronellae
leafminerdoubtfulGelechiidaeScrobipalpa artemisiella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia menthae
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatus mentharius
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops clinopodii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops hamatus
stemgallApionidaeSquamapion vicinum
stempustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma menthae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeKaltenbachiella pallida
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafgallsummer generationAphididaeOvatus crataegarius
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus boraginacearum
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 25.ix.2022