Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Mentha aquatica

water mint

synonym: >Mentha latifolia Nolte ex Hornem., palustris L.

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia menthicola
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris ticinensis
leafvagrantMiridaeEuropiella alpina
leafvagrantCrambidaePsammotis pulveralis
leafvagrantErebidaeRhyparioides metelkana
flowervagrantErebidaeSchrankia costaestrigalis
leafvagrantdoubtfulNolidaeMeganola albula
leafvagrantNolidaeNola cristatula
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMegamelodes quadrimaculatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx thoulessi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx decemnotata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus arquata
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes gagathinus
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes egenus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida viridis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ferrugineus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris phellandrii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina polita
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina herbacea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina coerulans
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina graminis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina lucida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo atra
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis nigronotata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis antennata
Chlamydomonadales“Chlorochytrium rubrum”
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafhiddendoubtfulCrambidaePyrausta porphyralis
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aurata
stemborerTortricidaePhalonidia manniana
fruitvagrantGelechiidaeThiotricha subocellea
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus melanostictus
rootborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeSquamapion cineraceum
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion flavimanum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia menthae
flowerdownPeronosporalesPeronospora stigmaticola
flowergallEriophyidaeEriophyes menthae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces monardae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria megacera
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria mentharia
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza petoei
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza tetrasticha
leafminerBuprestidaeTrachys scrobiculatus
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia occultans
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia menthae
stemgallApionidaeSquamapion vicinum
stempustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma menthae
leafgallsummer generationAphididaeOvatus crataegarius
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatus mentharius
leafgallAphididaeAphis affinis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 23.vii.2022