Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Mentha longifolia

horse-mint

synonym: Mentha alpigena, candicans, crispa, incana, longifolia subsp. incana, rotundifolia, sylvestris L.

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta leonuri
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeSpilostethus saxatilis
leafvagrantMiridaeEuropiella alpina
rootvagrantCydnidaeTritomegas sexmaculatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLiocoris tripustulatus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthonotus rufifrons
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops basalis
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops kalmii
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus bipunctatus
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus chrysanthemi
leafvagrantMiridaePolymerus cognatus
leafvagrantMiridaeApolygus lucorum
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus arbustorum
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris lineolatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus gemellatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus rugulipennis
leafvagrantMiridaeAmblytylus nasutus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygocoris pabulinus
leafvagrantGeometridaePseudopanthera macularia
leafvagrantNoctuidaeThysanoplusia daubei
leafvagrantdoubtfulErebidaeSchrankia balneorum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta auricoma
leafvagrantNolidaeNola cristatula
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta castalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx gyaurdagicus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx origani
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx collina
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus arquata
rootborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion cineraceum
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion flavimanum
stemgallApionidaeSquamapion vicinum
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes otini
flowerborerNitidulidaeThymogethes egenus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina bankii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina herbacea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus bertii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida viridis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ferrugineus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina coerulans
leafhiddenTortricidaeHedya nubiferana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAcompsia schmidtiellus
flowervagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia tridactyla
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aurata
stemborerTortricidaePhalonidia manniana
leafvagrantdoubtfulEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lamii
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeDatonychus melanostictus
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeSquamapion delagrangei
leafvagrantAphididaeEucarazzia elegans
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria megacera
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia alysoniformis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia menthae
flowerdownPeronosporalesPeronospora stigmaticola
flowergallEriophyidaeEriophyes menthae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces monardae
leafgallAphididaeAphis affinis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria mentharia
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza petoei
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza tetrasticha
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia menthae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafgallsummer generationAphididaeOvatus crataegarius
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatus mentharius

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 23.vii.2022