Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Nepeta

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafdownPeronosporaceaePeronospora belbahrii
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta leonuri
leafvagrantLygaeidaePlatyplax salviae
fruitgallCynipidaeLiposthenes kerneri
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus pygmaeus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster cathariae
leafvagrantAlydidaeCamptopus lateralis
predatorMiridaeDicyphus errans
leafvagrantLygaeidaeHeterogaster cathariae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx aurata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx melissae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx florida
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx decemnotata
unknownunknownCurculionidaeDatonychus transsylvanicus
unknownunknownApionidaeSquamapion samarense
flowerborerNitidulidaeSagittogethes incanus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida viridis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus alfieri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus obliteratus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus lycopi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina polita
root collarscalePseudococcidaeTrionymus multivorus
fruitvagrantGelechiidaeThiotricha subocellea
leafvagrantPterophoridaeMerrifieldia malacodactylus
leafhiddendoubtfulCrambidaePyrausta ostrinalis
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta aurata
leafvagrantTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf budboreryounger larvaPterophoridaeStenoptilia cyrnea
leafvagrantolder larvaPterophoridaeStenoptilia cyrnea
unknownunknownPterophoridaeStenoptilia lucasi
systemicvagrantPterophoridaeStenoptilia nepetellae
unknownunknownPterophoridaeStenoptilia mannii
stemgalldoubtfulApionidaeSquamapion vicinum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia paveli
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia anatolica
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia anthrax
rootborerSesiidaeChamaesphecia maurusia
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia labiatarum
leafvagrantAphididaeEucarazzia elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
fruitboreryounger larvaColeophoridaeColeophora nepetella
fruitgallCynipidaeLiposthenes kerneri
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella catariae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula duriaei
leafdownErysiphalesNeoërysiphe galeopsidis
leafgallAphididaeAphis nepetae
leafgallsummer generationAphididaeOvatus crataegarius
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza nepetae
leafminerdoubtfulChrysomelidaeDibolia carpathica
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albitarsella
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora pennella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrchestes stobieckii
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafminerNepticulidaeGlaucolepis albiflorella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia menthae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
fruitgallCynipidaeLiposthenes kerneri
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 9.viii.2022