organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem gall doubtful Apionidae Squamapion vicinum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia paveli
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia anatolica
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia anthrax
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia maurusia
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia labiatarum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucarazzia elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
fruit borer younger larva Coleophoridae Coleophora nepetella
fruit gall Cynipidae Liposthenes kerneri
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella catariae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis nepetae
leaf gall summer generation Aphididae Ovatus crataegarius
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza nepetae
leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Dibolia carpathica
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora pennella
leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes stobieckii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum
leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis albiflorella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
fruit gall Cynipidae Liposthenes kerneri
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 25.iii.2019