Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rosmarinus officinalis

rosemary

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Cerococcidae Antecerococcus intermedius
leaf vagrant doubtful Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus cuneatus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira prolixa
predator Aeolothripidae Franklinothrips megalops
unknown unknown Thripidae Thrips mediterraneus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips ericae
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips pallidior
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips hawaiiensis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips fasciatus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips fuscus
unknown unknown Aeolothripidae Melanthrips knechteli
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella tenuicornis
unknown unknown Thripidae Kakothrips firmoides
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips ignobilis
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips discolor
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips physapus
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
leaf vagrant Thripidae Scirtothrips inermis
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia rapax
unknown unknown doubtful Blastobasidae Tecmerium perplexum
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Leptotes pirithous
leaf vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus insidiator
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus norwegicus
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Phytocoris juniperi
leaf vagrant rarely Lygaeidae Tropidothorax leucopterus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris sanctipetri
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Conostethus venustus
leaf vagrant Miridae Compsidolon crotchi
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Pachyxyphus lineellus
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus citri
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia rosmarinata
leaf down doubtful Peronosporales Peronospora salviae-officinalis
leaf vagrant doubtful Erebidae Coscinia mariarosae
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis tusciaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Artimelia latreillei
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dysauxes punctata
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia cribraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Petrophora convergata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Phaiogramma faustinata
fruit borer Tortricidae Lobesia botrana
unknown unknown doubtful Opostegidae Pseudopostega chalcopepla
leaf vagrant doubtful Tingidae Derephysia nigricosta
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx zelleri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx decemnotata
stem scale Pseudococcidae Peliococcus martinezi
unknown unknown Tephritidae Oxyaciura tibialis
flower borer Nitidulidae Thymogethes grenieri
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Colaspina saportae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina salviae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus obliteratoides
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus tarraconensis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina americana
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Merrifieldia malacodactylus
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta sanguinalis
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus officinalis
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus adventicius
flower borer Pterophoridae Amblyptilia acanthadactyla
leaf scale Coccidae Lichtensia viburni
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lewisi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura rosmarini
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces monardae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia rosmarini
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella rosmarinella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis rosmarinella
stem gall Pseudomonadales Pseudomonas syringae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf gall rarely Aphididae Aphis affinis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 26.i.2024