organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden Lecithoceridae Odites kollarella
leaf hidden Oecophoridae Pleurota aristella
unknown unknown Elachistidae Depressaria hirtipalpis
leaf hidden Crambidae Pyrausta aurata
stem borer Tortricidae Epinotia kochiana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf hidden Tortricidae Sparganothis pilleriana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus creticus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes obtusus
leaf gall Aphrophoridae Philaenus spumarius
flower borer Pterophoridae Amblyptilia punctidactyla
flower borer Pterophoridae Amblyptilia acanthadactyla
stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus paszlavszkyi
unknown borer larva doubtful Apionidae Squamapion phocopus
stem borer larva Apionidae Squamapion leucophaeatum
root collar borer Curculionidae Phrydiuchus quijote
stem borer Curculionidae Phrydiuchus topiarius
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus cardui
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis verticillatae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia alysoniformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia proximata
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia schmidtiiformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia osmiaeformis
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia aerifrons
root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia doleriformis
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia labiatarum
stem miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis lituanica
leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucarazzia elegans
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis salviae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax salviae
fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax verbenaca
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura salviae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces neosalviae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces salviae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei
leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora salviae-officinalis
leaf down doubtful Peronosporales Peronospora swinglei
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia lamii
leaf gall rarely Aphididae Macrosiphoniella tanacetaria
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salviae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza salviae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza scotina
leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys quercicola
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia femoralis
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia schillingii
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora onopordiella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora salviella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora virgatella
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Ramphis libanoticus
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella cognatella
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella extremella
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella grandiferella
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella karadaghella
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella klimeschi
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis
leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis salvifoliae
leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis trilobella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia stipina
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia nigrescens
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia nevadensis
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia salviae
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Cynipidae Rhodus cyprius
stem gall Cynipidae Hedickiana levantina
root gall Apionidae Squamapion elongatum
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis massalongoi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ovatomyzus boraginacearum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ovatomyzus chamaedrys
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
systemic vagrant Aphididae Aphis passeriniana


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 16.i.2020